The role of punishment in the administration of criminal justice in Zambia
Mwamba, Gilbert K.
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This dissertation considers the Role of Punishment in the Administration of Criminal Justice in Zambia. In approaching the subject matter of the research, the essay starts by examining the controversies surrounding the justification for punishment and its desirability in criminal justice administration. Moreover, the essay enquires into specific roles played by punishment in Zambia and makes an observation as to whether the objectives of employing punishment are being realized. Thirdly, the essay examines the factors which affect proper and effective employment of punishment in Zambia. The dissertation, through research and interviews found that, punishment, as an aspect of criminal justice administration is not being employed properly and effectively, with the effect that most of its objectives are not being realized. Hence, the gradual loss of its recognition and value in contemporary criminal justice administration. According to the findings of this research, lack of judicial independence and neutrality answer to this undesirable trend. Lack of judicial independence and neutrality can be attributed to lack of political will on the part of government. As such, this essay recommends the cultivation of political will by government which will eventually result in judicial independence and neutrality which will, in turn, ensure proper and effective employment of punishment. Once punishment is properly and effectively employed, its role, in the administration of criminal justice, will become more pronounced and recognized.
- Law